Where Has Chikungunya Virus Been Found? Prior to 2013, chikungunya virus cases and outbreaks had been identified in countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Indian and Pacific Oceans. In late 2013, the first local transmission of chikungunya virus in the Americas was identified in Caribbean countries and territories , Seychelles, and Reunion, then spread to several • Diagnostic tests include virus isolation from serum, RT-PCR, IgM-specific antibody by EIA or HI, detection of neutralizin
Chikungunya epidemic outbreaks have affected more than 1 million people in 2005-2006 in many Indian Ocean islands and in India. Mauritius experienced a major outbreak in February/March 2006. In January 2005, an epidemic of chikungunya fever broke out in the Comoro Islands and lasted until May 2005. In April, cases were also reported in Mayotte and Mauritius. On Réunion Island, the first cases were reported at the end of April. Surveillance of this epidemic required an adaptive system, w Prevalence of and risk factors for chronic arthralgia and rheumatoid-like polyarthritis more than 2 years after infection with chikungunya virus. Essackjee K(1), Goorah S, Ramchurn SK, Cheeneebash J, Walker-Bone K. Author information: (1)Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius Between February and October 2006 alone, more than 1.25 million people in India and south Asia were infected with the chikungunya virus. Other large-scale outbreaks of chikungunya fever have occurred in countries of east and central Africa, and the Indian Ocean countries, including Comoros, Gabon, Madagascar, the Maldives, Mauritius, Mayotte, Reunion (France) and the Seychelles In 2005, the African strain of chikungunya virus mutated and spread across the islands of the Indian Ocean, including Réunion, Mayotte, Mauritius, and the Seychelles, resulting in a major.
The chikungunya virus is endemic in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, Pacific Region and most probably in the (sub) tropical regions of the Americas. Globally, large scaled outbreaks were reported in 2004-2007 from Kenya, Comoros islands, La Reunion, Mauritius, and then spread to various Indian states and South East Asia Tourists visiting islands in the Indian Ocean such as Mauritius have been struck by a rare and life-threatening virus, which has claimed 77 lives so far, according to doctors During the chikungunya outbreak of 2005 - 2006, the only laboratory facilities available in Mauritius were virus isolation in cell culture tubes and serology Chikungunya virus is spread to people by the bite of an infected mosquito. The most common symptoms of infection are fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash. Outbreaks have occurred in countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Indian and Pacific Oceans Answer 1 of 18: It has been noted that the virus of Chikungunya is in the village of mahebourg quite near to Shandrani hotel, recently. What is the current status as we are getting married in October there with our two teenagers and are very concerned indeed on..
Chikungunya virus, an alphavirus of the Togaviridae family, is transmitted to humans and other amplifying hosts by Aedes mosquitoes. In December 2013, chikungunya virus first appeared in the Western Hemisphere and within 7 months, the virus caused more than 400,000 cases of disease in more than 20 countries in the Caribbean and in Central and. Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne alpha virus that was first isolated after a 1952 outbreak in modern-day Tanzania. The virus has circulated in forested regions of sub-Saharan African in cycles involving nonhuman primate hosts and arboreal mosquito vectors. Phylogenetic studies indicate that the urban transmission cycle—the transmission of a pathogen between humans and mosquitoes that exist in. Chikungunya virus is an alpha virus that belongs to the Togaviridae family. It is a single-stranded RNA virus and is approximately 11.8 kb long with a capsid and a phospholipid envelope. Phylogenetic analysis has revealed 3 distinct groups based on partial sequences of NS4 and E1 genes: (1) the West African, (2) the East-Central-South African (ECSA), and (3) the Asian
Chikungunya is an infection caused by the Chikungunya virus (CHIKV). Symptoms include fever and joint pains. These typically occur two to twelve days after exposure. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, and a rash. Symptoms usually improve within a week; however, occasionally the joint pain may last for months or years Answer 1 of 7: Blood test have revealed that my husband had contracted the Chikungunya virus. He has been severely ill since our return from Mauritius on 02/10/2014. This happened in addition to getting robbed from our electronics and passport - making our island.. Chikungunya fever, Mauritius, 2006. Beesoon S, Funkhouser E, Kotea N, Spielman A, Robich RM. PMCID: PMC2630048 PMID: 18258136 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Publication Types: Letter; MeSH Terms. Aged; Alphavirus Infections/epidemiology; Alphavirus Infections/mortality* Alphavirus Infections/virology; Chikungunya virus*/isolation & purification. Chikungunya orsakas av ett virus som överförs till människor med myggor av släktet Aedes. detta är dagaktiva myggor som trivs nära bebyggelsen. Sjukdomen ger feber och värk i muskler och leder samt ibland även hudutslag och små blödningar t ex från näsan och i tandköttet We have isolated a Chikungunya (Chik) virus from a patient who returned to Germany after a three-month visit to Mauritius in spring 2006. Upon return she developed a transient fever up to 40°C. This was followed by myalgia and joint pain. IgG antibodies in serum to Chik virus were undetectable. Virus (Chik-Wü1) was isolated on Vero cells. We molecularly cloned the whole genome of Chik-Wü1.
Hi, We would like to go to Mauritius (in the south) in March or April 2007 for a holiday but must admit that we are a little concerned about the Chikungunya virus situation on the island as we will be travelling also with our young children. Could anyone inform us if they a Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a positive sense, single-stranded RNA virus that belongs to the genus Alphavirus, a member of the Togaviridae family of viruses. CHIKV is closely related to other alphaviruses including Ross River virus, O'nyong'nyong virus and Mayaro virus, which are know to cause arthritis Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) has caused several major epidemics globally over the last two decades and is quickly expanding into new areas. Although this mosquito-borne disease is self-limiting and is not associated with high mortality, it can lead to severe, chronic and disabling arthritis, thereby posing a heavy burden to healthcare systems Virology . Chikungunya virus is an enveloped, positive strand, RNA virus (52,54,80).The species CHIK belongs to Togaviridae family and Alpha virus genus which consists of 28 viruses, of around 70 nm in diameter (62,104), six of which can cause human joint disorders—namely chikungunya virus, o'nyong-nyong virus (central Africa), Ross River and Barmah Forest viruses (Australia and the.
Background Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne virus transmitted by mosquitoes from the Aedes genus. The virus, endemic to parts of Asia and Africa, has recently undergone an emergence in other parts of the world where it was previously not found including Indian Ocean Islands, Europe, the Western Pacific and the Americas. There is no vaccine against chikungunya virus, which means that prevention. [IMG=19247-4958] On March 10th a BANKO correspondent contacted travel companies that sent their tourists to exotic resorts of the Indian Ocean - Mauritius and the Seychelles due to the information regarding the outbreak of the so called chikungunya virus Holiday Claims: Crippling Chikungunya Virus Afflicts 'Paradise Island' of Mauritius. Holidaymakers are at risk of suffering from the chikungunya virus visiting Mauritius and travel agents are negligent in failing to warn them of the dangers. London, England (PRWEB) July 22, 2006 For chikungunya virus (CHIKV), the long-term sequelae from infection are yet ill-defined. The prolonged debilitating arthralgia associated with CHIKV infection has tremendous potential for impacting the global economy and should be considered when evaluating the human burden of disease and the allocation of resources
Chikungunya is a disease that is caused by the chikungunya virus which is transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes.Its name is derived from a word in the Makonde language that means contorted or bent, and it refers to the stooped appearance of its victims who suffer from severe joint pain Answer 1 of 2: The Foreign and Commonwealth office advises to be careful about the above virus and dengue fever. Do you know what is the situation over there? Should I be concerned? None of the review I have read about Mauritius mentioned this. Thank Answer 1 of 10: Hi, We are planning to go to Mauritius during the first two weeks of May and stay at the Le Telfair. We have just read about the chikungunya virus that seems to have been over there since the start of the year..
KEY WORDS: Chikungunya, Modeling, Herd Immunity, Epidemic Control. INTRODUCTION: The debilitating mosquito-borne viral disease Chikungunya has been mapped as a major public and international health concern following minor epidemic outbreaks from January to April 2005 and severe epidemics from January to April 2006 in the Indian Ocean islands of Reunion, Mauritius, Comoros and Mayotte Chikungunya Virus What is Chikungunya Virus and How Does it Spread? Chikungunya (chik-en-gun-ye) is one of the lesser known viruses transmitted to humans by mosquitoes, but it is gaining notoriety in the Western Hemisphere since its introduction to the Americas in 2013 on several Caribbean islands
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arbovirus transmitted to humans by Aedes mosquitoes. The virus was first described in 1952 during a febrile illness outbreak in Makonde, a province in southern Tanzania (Robinson, 1955).The word chikungunya comes from the Bantu language of the Makonde ethnic group from Tanzania and Mozambique and refers to the curved position of the patient due to debilitating. 3.2. Evaluation of the LAMP POCT. The study participants were as follows: 37 patients who visited the National Center for Global Health and Medicine for consultation during the period from April 2008 to March 2017 and who were diagnosed with dengue fever, Chikungunya fever, or Zika virus infection; and 30 patients who were diagnosed with any of the three infections during the period from April. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne virus responsible for periodic and explosive outbreaks of a febrile disease that is characterized by severe and sometimes prolonged polyarthritis. CHIKV was first recognized as a human pathogen after it was isolated from the serum of an infected patient during an outbreak of debilitating arthritic disease in 1952 in present-day Tanzania ( 1 - 3 ) Chikungunya fever, viral disease transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes that is characterized by fever, headache, rash, and severe joint and muscle pain. The fever is caused by chikungunya virus, which is carried by humans. Learn more about the history, symptoms, and treatment of chikungunya fever Chikungunya is spread by the Aedes species of mosquito which predominantly bite during the day. These mosquitoes also transmit Dengue fever, Zika virus and Yellow Fever. Chikungunya fever is currently reported in more than 100 countries in Africa, Asia, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean and Pacific islands
Chikungunya virus infection should be considered in patients with acute onset of fever and polyarthralgia, especially travelers who have recently returned from areas with known virus transmission. As chikungunya infection may cause a rash that could be confused with other diseases such as dengue and measles, these other diseases do need to be ruled out Chikungunya virus occurs in Africa, south-eastern Asia, India, Sri Lanka and the Philippines. Since 2004 there has been a major epidemic throughout the Indian Ocean region. In recent years, travel to Indonesia, particularly Bali, has been the most common source of chikungunya infection in Australian travellers registrati oltre 206 casi di febbre Chikungunya. La regione maggiormente colpita è, ad oggi, Mahebourg. Il contagio avviene tramite puntura di zanzare (Aedes Aegypti). Le Autorità sanitarie locali hanno intensificato le misure preventive e di controllo contro il diffondersi del virus soprattutto all'aeroporto e al porto delle Mauritius A Thai respiratory and critical care specialist at Bangkok's Vichaiyut Hospital is claiming that the chikungunya virus, spread through the bites of an infected Aedes mosquito, has mutated where one mosquito could be the carrier of both the chikungunya and dengue viruses. Dr Manoon Leechawengwongs reported that in the past 30 days his hospital has treated 13 chikungunya patients compared to. Chikungunya virus infection is not considered to be contagious because there is no direct human to human transfer of Chikungunya viruses, so infected individuals cannot directly transfer the virus to another human because the virus has to pass through a mosquito first. However, outbreaks can occur in populations where a number of both mosquitoes and humans are infected with the virus
. It is an Old World alphavirus belonging to the Semliki Forest antigenic complex, which also includes Bebaru virus, Mayaro virus, O'nyong nyong virus, Ross River virus, Getah virus, Semliki Forest virus, and Una virus Chikungunya is a virus that spread by the same kinds of mosquitoes that spread dengue and Zika virus.Rarely, it can spread from mother to newborn around the time of birth. It may also possibly spread through infected blood. There have been outbreaks of chikungunya virus in Africa, Asia, Europe, the Indian and Pacific Oceans, the Caribbean, and Central and South America
Chikungunya fever is caused by a virus, which is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. The two specific groups of mosquitoes responsible for the spread of the virus are aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus.While the disease is far more common in Africa, Asia, and parts of India, cases have been reported in the Western Hemisphere in the last few years chikungunya virus disease is endemic in large areas of the intertropical zone, repeated introductions can occur through viraemic travellers returning from these areas . These introductions may trigger autochthonous transmissions when weather conditions are suitable for Aedes albopictus activity in areas where this mosquit Disease Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an enveloped, positive-sense RNA arbovirus of the genus Alphavirus (family Togaviridae).   CHIKV is the cause of chikungunya fever, an emerging illness with systemic symptoms that include abrupt high fever, headache, skin rash, myalgia, and arthralgia More about Chikungunya and Zika. Zika virus: a new global threat for 2016 - The Lancet. Zika virus in the Americas - Yet another arbovirus threat - NEJM. Chikungunya virus-associated encephalitis (abstract only) - Neurology The virus that ruins Caribbean vacations - Washington Post. Zika Virus Timeline - ESRI. Photo of Aedes aegypti mosquito by James Gathany (PHIL, CDC) [Public. Chikungunya Virus Chikungunya (pronunciation: chik-en-gun-ye) virus is transmitted to people by mosquitoes; specifically the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. The most common symptoms of chikungunya virus infection are fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle.
Chikungunya virus infection in traveler to Australia. Chikungunya virus in US travelers returning from India, 2006. Imported Chikungunya infection, Italy. Chikungunya fever, Mauritius, 2006. Increased mortality rate associated with chikungunya epidemic, Ahmedabad, India. Outbreak of dengue and chikungunya fevers, Toamasina, Madagascar, 2006 Chikungunya Virus. Chikungunya is an arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus) found in Africa, Asia, Europe and South and Central America. The most common symptoms are fever and joint pain, but headaches, muscle aches and rash also may occur Informativo Epidemiológico Dengue, Chikungunya, Zika e Febre Amarela - SE 03 - 2019 (.pdf 6,64 MBytes) Informativo Epidemiológico Dengue, Chikungunya, Zika e Febre Amarela - SE 02 - 2019 (.pdf 3,95 MBytes) Informativo Epidemiológico Dengue, Chikungunya, Zika e Febre Amarela - SE 52 - 2018 (Final) (.pdf 4,80 MBytes
The virus is transmitted by females of two mosquito species, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Most chikungunya patients manifest acute symptoms such as high fever, headache, joint and muscle pain, nausea, fatigue, and rash for three weeks after being infected Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a reemerging and rapidly spreading pathogen transmitted by mosquitoes. The emergence of new epidemic variants of the virus is associated with genetic evolutionary traits, including duplication of repeated RNA elements in the 3'UTR that seemingly favor transmission by. In recent decades, chikungunya virus (CHIKV) has become geographically widespread. In 2004, the CHIKV East/Central/South African (ECSA) genotype moved from Africa to Indian ocean islands and India followed by a large epidemic in Southeast Asia. In 2013, the CHIKV Asian genotype drove an outbreak in the Americas. Since 2016, CHIKV has re-emerged in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia
Beginning in 2004, chikungunya virus (CHIKV) went from an endemic pathogen limited to Africa and Asia that caused periodic outbreaks to a global pathogen. Given that outbreaks caused by CHIKV have continued and expanded, serious consideration must be given to identifying potential options for vaccines and therapeutics. Currently, there are no licensed products in this realm, and control relies. CHIKUNGUNYA VIRUS E1 ENVELOPE PROTEIN (HEK293) Chikungunya Virus E1 Envelope protein is a unique product that has been developed in response to the need for high purity, properly assembled and glycosylated Chikungunya virus antigens for use in the development of Chikungunya virus diagnostics and in vaccine development and R&D (including use as an immunogen)
Dengue has been endemic in Nicaragua since 1985, with all 4 dengue virus serotypes (DENV1-4) circulating, generally with 1 serotype dominant in each epidemic [1- 4].Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) was first detected in Nicaragua in July 2014, and the first autochthonous cases were confirmed in September 2014 .Limited CHIKV transmission occurred in 2014-2015, followed by a larger epidemic in. The genesig® Dengue, Zika and Chikungunya Virus Multiplex kit is designed for the detection and differentiation of Dengue virus, Zika virus (ZIKV) and Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) only. Individual tests have been designed in the conserved regions of each virus such that all isolates and subtypes will be detected simultaneously in the same test See your doctor if you think you or a family member may have chikungunya, especially if you have recently traveled to an area where there's an ongoing outbreak. Your doctor may order blood tests to look for chikungunya or similar diseases. If you're sick with chikungunya, avoiding new mosquito bites will help prevent the virus from spreading Chikungunya is a virus passed to humans by the bite of infected mosquitoes. Symptoms include fever and severe joint pain. The name chikungunya (pronounced chik-en-gun-ye) is an African word meaning ben Chikungunya fever is an acute arthropod-borne viral illness reported in many parts of Africa, Southeast Asia, the Western Pacific, and India. The causative agent, Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), is a single-stranded positive RNA-enveloped virus that is a member of the genus Alphavirus of the Togaviridae family and is transmitted from primates to humans generally by Aedes aegypti (6, 8)
Chikungunya is a virus that is transmitted from human to human mainly by infected Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti mosquitoes (later referred to as Aedes mosquitoes) acting as the disease-carrying vector• Chikungunya causes sudden onset of high fever, severe joint pain, muscle pain and headache• As no vaccine or medication is currently available to prevent or cure the infection, control. Cases of chikungunya virus seen in the United States are atypically high this year because of an outbreak of the virus in the Caribbean currently underway. Since the beginning of 2014, there have been 497 reported cases of chikungunya virus in the U.S. -- much higher than the average 28 infections in a given year Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an alphavirus that is primarily transmitted by Aedes species mosquitoes. Though reports of an illness consistent with chikungunya date back over 200 years, CHIKV only gained worldwide attention during a massive pandemic that began in East Africa in 2004. Chikungunya, the clinical illness caused by CHIKV, is characterized by a rapid onset of high fever and. Viral Chikungunya Virus E1 ELISA Standard Curve. Recombinant Viral Chikungunya Virus E1 protein was serially diluted 2-fold and captured by Mouse Anti-Viral Chikungunya Virus E1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB97791) coated on a Clear Polystyrene Microplate (Catalog # DY990).Mouse Anti-Viral Chikungunya Virus E1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB9779) was biotinylated and incubated with the.
Chikungunya is an infection in humans caused by the chikungunya virus. The Chikungunya virus is present in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, and Indian Ocean Islands, where a number of outbreaks have occurred. How Chikungunya is Spread. Humans and other primates are the natural hosts for the chikungunya virus Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans through the bites of mosquitoes infected with the chikungunya virus. It was first described during an outbreak in southern Tanzania in 1952 and has now been identified in nearly 40 countries in Asia, Africa, Europe and, most recently, the Americas. Symptoms usually begin 4 to 8 days after a mosquito bite but can appear anywhere from 2 to 12. Characterisation of a chikungunya virus from a German patient returning from Mauritius and development of a serological test. Journal: Med Microbiol Immunol. 2008 Dec;197(4):381-6. Comment: Culture cell line: Vero cells (African green monkey kidney cells Pris: 1471 kr. inbunden, 2016. Skickas inom 2-5 vardagar. Köp boken Chikungunya Virus (ISBN 9781493936168) hos Adlibris. Fri frakt. Alltid bra priser och snabb leverans. | Adlibri Chikungunya virus occurs in Africa, India, South-East Asia and the Western Pacific. It is considered to be emerging or re-emerging in many regions of the world. Large outbreaks of chikungunya virus infection have become more frequent in many regions, including a number of Indian Ocean and Pacific Island nations, including Papua New Guinea, as well as emergent cases in other areas, such as.
PATHOGEN SAFETY DATA SHEET - INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES SECTION I - INFECTIOUS AGENT. NAME: Chikungunya virus. SYNONYM OR CROSS REFERENCE: CHIKV Footnote 1-6, CHIK Footnote 2 Footnote 7-9, and chikungunya fever Footnote 2 Footnote 10.. CHARACTERISTICS: A member of the Togaviridae family Footnote 4 Footnote 10 Footnote 11, and Alphavirus genus Footnote 10 Footnote 11, belonging to the Semliki Forest. The Chikungunya virus is transmitted by a mosquito bite and usually only lasts for a few weeks, although some symptoms can continue to be present for several months. While no vaccination has yet been developed to assist with the prevention of this mosquito-borne disease, several effective techniques can be used to prevent mosquito bites, especially in areas where the infection is more prevalent CHIKUNGUNYA Dr.T.V.Rao MD . We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads Dengue/Chikungunya virus moves from the mosquito's mid-gut up into the ae. mosquito's salivary glands. Female ae. mosquito lays eggs in water. The now Dengue/CHIKV-infected female ae. mosquito finds another human and bites human. Mosquito eggs hatch and develop into adults in 7 days at Yucatan temperatures
The chikungunya virus spreads to humans through mosquito bites and contact with blood. It is rarely fatal, but the symptoms can be long-lasting and debilitating. Cases of the virus have now been. Chikungunya is a virus that's spread by mosquitoes.It can't be passed from person to person. It's been seen in as many as 60 countries in Asia, Europe, Africa, and the Americas, but.
INTRODUCTION. Chikungunya virus is an arthropod-borne alphavirus transmitted by mosquitoes that causes acute febrile polyarthralgia and inflammatory arthritis as well as acute cutaneous eruptions and other systemic manifestations .The name chikungunya is derived from an African language and means that which bends up or stooped walk because of the incapacitating arthralgia caused by the. When traveling to countries with Chikungunya virus outbreaks, use insect repellent, wear long sleeves and pants, and stay in places with air conditioning or that use window and door screens. There is a risk that the Chikungunya virus will be imported to new areas by infected travelers because there is no preventive vaccine or medicine to treat Chikungunya virus infection
Vidal OM, Acosta-Reyes J, Padilla J, et al. Chikungunya outbreak (2015) in the Colombian Caribbean: latent classes and gender differences in virus infection. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2020 (published online Jun 3 Background. Aedes mosquito transmitted virus, originally found in West Africa but cases in the Americas beginning in 2013; Frequently difficult clinically to differentiate from dengue fever; Chikungunya is a Tanzanian derived word meaning that which bends up Geographic Distributio AMPLIRUN® CHIKUNGUNYA VIRUS RNA CONTROL. Purified RNA of chikungunya virus to be used to control in vitro diagnosis techniques based in nucleic acids amplification. Purified complete microbial genome; Any sequence can be amplified; Concentration range: 12.500-20.000 copies/µl determined by qPCR; Can be used in any molecular testing platform. Combination of zika virus and chikungunya virus is found to trigger stroke. Stroke following zika and chikungunya virus can be deadly and also result in death Chikungunya Virus Infedion transmission was probably low-level, sporadic, and undiagnosed. Interestingly, Marchette et al. predicted in 1980 that ifan outbreak were to happen in Malaysia, it would most likely occur in urban centers of west central states (including Selangor and Perak), which have almost no population immunity and widespread.
Sep. 25, 2019 — Chikungunya is an infectious disease caused by a mosquito-borne virus transmitted to humans. It is characterized by high fever and intense joint and muscle pain that can last for. Chikungunya virus is a disease that you can get if you are bitten by the female Aedes mosquito, the same mosquito that spreads other viruses, including dengue, yellow fever and Zika virus. The mosquito becomes infected when it bites someone who is ill with chikungunya CerTest VIASURE® Zika, Dengue & Chikungunya Virus Multiplex PCR Kit Last updated: 30th April, 2020 Zika, Dengue and Chikungunya are arthropod-borne viruses that share mosquitoes of the Aedes genus as common vector, specifically Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus Chikungunya has been identified in over 60 countries in Asia, Africa, Europe and the Americas. The virus is transmitted from human to human by the bites of infected female mosquitoes. Most commonly, the mosquitoes involved are Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, two species which can also transmit other mosquito-borne viruses, including dengue In the past decade, chikungunya—a virus transmitted by Aedes spp mosquitoes—has re-emerged in Africa, southern and southeastern Asia, and the Indian Ocean Islands as the cause of large outbreaks of human disease. The disease is characterised by fever, headache, myalgia, rash, and both acute and persistent arthralgia. The disease can cause severe morbidity and, since 2005, fatality Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an enveloped, single-stranded positive-sense RNA virus that belongs to the Alphavirus genus, Togaviridae family .It is mainly transmitted to humans by the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. Most cases are characterized by an acute infection with fever, myalgia, exanthema, and arthralgia lasting up to 3 weeks postinfection [2, 3]